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中国与欧盟、美国、日本人造板甲醛标准比较

王正国 段新芳 郭龙 韩井伟

王正国, 段新芳, 郭龙, 韩井伟. 中国与欧盟、美国、日本人造板甲醛标准比较[J]. 世界林业研究, 2015, 28(2): 61-68. doi: 10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2015.02.009
引用本文: 王正国, 段新芳, 郭龙, 韩井伟. 中国与欧盟、美国、日本人造板甲醛标准比较[J]. 世界林业研究, 2015, 28(2): 61-68. doi: 10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2015.02.009
Zhengguo Wang, Xinfang Duan, Long Guo, Jingwei Han. Comparison on Formaldehyde Standards Between China, the EU, the United States, and Japan for Wood-based Panels[J]. WORLD FORESTRY RESEARCH, 2015, 28(2): 61-68. doi: 10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2015.02.009
Citation: Zhengguo Wang, Xinfang Duan, Long Guo, Jingwei Han. Comparison on Formaldehyde Standards Between China, the EU, the United States, and Japan for Wood-based Panels[J]. WORLD FORESTRY RESEARCH, 2015, 28(2): 61-68. doi: 10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2015.02.009

中国与欧盟、美国、日本人造板甲醛标准比较

doi: 10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2015.02.009
基金项目: 

质检公益性行业科研专项进出口木制品有害物质检测与控制技术 201210062

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王正国(1982-), 男, 工程师, 研究方向为木制品检测与标准化研究, E-mail:wzg_fox@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    段新芳, 男, 中国林科院木工所, 研究员, 博士生导师, E-mail:xfduan@caf.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: S784;TS653

Comparison on Formaldehyde Standards Between China, the EU, the United States, and Japan for Wood-based Panels

  • 摘要: 对中国人造板甲醛标准与欧盟、美国、日本的人造板标准进行比较, 分析国内标准与国外标准在质量要求、平衡处理和检测方法要求等方面的差异, 以及不同检测方法间的相关性, 以期为中国人造板的生产、贸易和标准制修订以及标准输出提供参考.
  • 表  1  中国与美国、欧洲、日本标准或法案中甲醛限量规定[1-18]

    表  2  中国与欧盟、美国、日本标准试件/试样平衡处理规定

    表  3  中国与美国、日本标准中干燥器法主要差异

    表  4  我国和欧盟标准中1 m3气候箱法主要差异

  • [1] 中华人民共和国国家质量监督检验检疫总局. GB 18580-2001室内装饰装修材料人造板及其制品中甲醛释放限量[S]. 北京: 中国标准出版社, 2001: 1-5. https://wenku.baidu.com/view/f59e5b0b76c66137ee061974.html
    [2] 中华人民共和国国家质量监督检验检疫总局. GB/T 17657-2013人造板及饰面人造板理化性能试验方法[S]. 北京: 中国标准出版社, 2013: 88-104. http://www.bzfxw.com/soft/sort055/linye/96238813.html
    [3] 中华人民共和国国家质量监督检验检疫总局. GB/T 17657-1999人造板及饰面人造板理化性能试验方法[S]. 北京: 中国标准出版社, 1999: 12-20.
    [4] American Society of Testing Materials. ASTM E1333-2010 standard test method for determining formaldehyde concentrations in air and emission rates from wood products using a large chamber[S]. West Conshohocken: American Society of Testing Materials, 2010.
    [5] American Society of Testing Materials. ASTM D 5582-2000(reapproved 2006) standard test method for determining formaldehyde levels from wood products using a desiccator[S]. West Conshohocken: American Society of Testing Materials, 2006.
    [6] American Society of Testing Materials. ASTM D 6007-2002(reapproved 2008) standard test method for determining formaldehyde concentration in air from wood products using a small scale chamber[S]. West Conshohocken: American Society of Testing Materials, 2008.
    [7] European Committee for Standardization. EN 13986: 2004 wood-based panels for use in construction: characteristics, evaluation of conformity and marking[S]. London: European Committee for Standardization, 2004.
    [8] European Committee for Standardization. EN 300: 2006 oriented strand boards(OSB): definitions, classification and specifications[S]. London: European Committee for Standardization, 2006.
    [9] European Committee for Standardization. EN 312: 2003 particleboard [S]. London: European Committee for Standardization, 2003.
    [10] European Committee for Standardization. EN 120: 1992 wood based panels: determination of formaldehyde content-extraction method called the perforator method[S]. London: European Committee for Standardization, 1992.
    [11] European Committee for Standardization. EN 717-1: 2004 wood-based panels: determination of formaldehyde release : part 1: formaldehyde emission by the chamber method[S]. London: European Committee for Standardization, 2004.
    [12] European Committee for Standardization. EN717-2: 1995(amendments 2002) wood-based panels : determination of formaldehyde release - formaldehyde release by the gas analysis method[S]. London: European Committee for Standardization, 2002.
    [13] 日本農林水産省. JAS-701-2008単板積層材の日本農林規格[S]. Tokyo: 日本農林水産省, 2008.
    [14] 日本農林水産省. JAS-1751-2008合板の日本農林規格[S]. Tokyo: 日本農林水産省, 2008.
    [15] Japanese Standards Association. JIS A 1460-2001 building boards determination of formaldehyde emission: desiccator method[S]. Tokyo: Japanese Standards Association, 2001.
    [16] Japanese Standards Association. JIS A 1901-2009 determination of the emission of volatile organic compounds and aldehydes for building products: small chamber method[S]. Tokyo: Japanese Standards association, 2009.
    [17] Japanese Standards Association. JIS A 1902-1-2006 determination of the emission of volatile organic compounds and aldehydes for building products: sampling, preparation of test specimens and testing condition: parti1: boards, wallpaper and floor materials[S]. Tokyo: Japanese Standards Association, 2006.
    [18] 中华人民共和国商务部.出口商品技术指南:木制品[M].北京:中华人民共和国商务部, 2012:22-91.
    [19] 龙玲, 陆熙娴, 井上明生.干燥器法测定木制品甲醛释放量的研究[J].林业科学, 2004, 40(4):148-152. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-7488.2004.04.026
    [20] 龙玲, 陈士英.干燥器法测定甲醛浓度: GB/T 17657与日本标准的比较[J].人造板通讯, 2003(3):15-17. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-5064.2003.03.005
    [21] 丁沪闽.穿孔萃取法和小气候箱法检测中密度纤维板甲醛释放量的分析比较[J].林业机械与木工设备, 2011, 39(4):33-35. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-2953.2011.04.008
    [22] 马腾洲, 邵敏, 张琳.中美气候箱法测定人造板甲醛释放量的比较与分析[J].家具, 2011(5):113-115.
    [23] 杨帆, 李伯涛, 何建.1m3气候箱法和其他甲醛释放量检测方法相关关系的研究[J].中国人造板, 2011(1):29-30. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-5064.2011.01.011
    [24] 高秋玲, 曹清平.穿孔法测定人造板甲醛释放量的比较与分析[J].人造板通讯, 2005(9):16-18. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-5064.2005.09.006
    [25] California Air Resources Board. Appendix H—comparison of the proposed phase 1 and phase 2 standards to selected international standards [DB/OL]. (2008-05-18). [2014-11-01]. http://www.arb.ca.gov/regact/2007/compwood07/apph.pdf.
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-09-05
  • 修回日期:  2014-11-02
  • 刊出日期:  2015-04-01

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