稿件编号:20210220
覃鑫浩,赵晓迪.澳大利亚林区道路发展及启示[J].世界林业研究,2021,34(2):112~117
澳大利亚林区道路发展及启示
Forest Road Development in Australia
投稿时间:2020-07-31  修订日期:2020-12-15
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2020.0115.y
中文关键词:  林区道路  投融资机制  管理体制  澳大利亚
英文关键词:forest road  investment and financing mechanism  management system  Australia
基金项目:国家林业和草原局重点工程项目前期项目“林业草原‘十四五’规划政策专题”(500102-5099)
作者单位E-mail
覃鑫浩 国家林业和草原局调查规划设计院北京 100714  
赵晓迪 中国林业科学研究院林业科技信息研究所北京 100091 edison19890918@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      澳大利亚森林资源丰富,林区道路建设历史悠久,密集而发达的林区道路及其现有林道改进方案保证了澳大利亚森林道路的良性有序发展,保障了森林和木材资源的可持续、综合和有效利用。文中概述了澳大利亚林区道路发展现状,包括林区道路“用者自付”原则下的多元化投融资机制,以及林区道路的管理体制和机制、建设规划及建设规范等;分析了中国林业道路建设和发展的现状及问题;提出了我国林区道路建设需要促进投融资渠道多元化、重视林道规划和规程的规范化建设、注重维护生态社会与经济效益的统一等启示和建议。
英文摘要:
      Australia is rich in forest resources and has a long history of forest road construction. The dense and developed forest roads and the forest road improvement plans ensure the sound and organized development of Australia’s forest roads and contribute to the sustainable, integrated and effective use of forest and timber resources. The paper outlines the current development of forest roads in Australia, including diversified investment and financing mechanisms under the principle of “user pays” for forest roads construction, forest road management regimes, construction planning and construction specifications. Based on the analysis of the current situation and problems of forestry road development in China, it is proposed that the construction of forest roads in China needs to change the unitary financial investment model to the diversified investment and financing channels, pay attention to the standardized forest road planning and procedures and focus on the integration of ecological, social and economic benefits.
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