稿件编号:20210210
乔丹,柯水发,袁婉潼.基于库兹涅茨曲线的中国南方集体林区森林质量转型动因分析[J].世界林业研究,2021,34(2):56~61
基于库兹涅茨曲线的中国南方集体林区森林质量转型动因分析
Drivers of Forest Quality Transition of Collective Forest Areas in Southern China Based on Kuznets Curve
投稿时间:2020-08-05  修订日期:2021-02-05
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2021.0009.y
中文关键词:  集体林区  森林质量  多维转型  驱动因素  库兹涅茨曲线  中国南方
英文关键词:collective forest area  forest quality  multi-dimensional transition  driving factor  Kuznets Curve  Southern China
基金项目:国家林业和草原局资助项目“林业和草原‘十四五’规划政策”(500102-5099);国家社会科学基金“基于职工福利提升视角的深化重点国有林区改革研究”(19BGL161)
作者单位E-mail
乔丹 中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院北京 100872  
柯水发 中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院北京 100872 keshuifa@163.com 
袁婉潼 中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院北京 100872  
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中文摘要:
      森林转型理论提供了全球可能经历的森林恢复途径,但已有研究主要关注森林数量。文中从广义上提出森林多维转型并重点关注森林质量转型,从森林生长性、树种多样性、结构稳定性和森林健康性4个方面对森林质量进行衡量,通过构建森林转型影响因素分析框架对中国南方集体林区10个省(区)(浙江、安徽、福建、江西、湖北、湖南、广东、广西、贵州、云南)的森林质量变化进行实证研究,结果表明:南方集体林区森林资源变动是否符合环境库兹涅茨曲线(EKC)假设仍需进一步考察,其变化受多因素驱动影响;目前虽已呈现出转型趋势,但不甚明显,实现森林数量和质量双增仍有很大空间。据此,提出应由单一追求森林数量转变为注重森林质量、由过分追求森林经济效益转变为注重森林综合功能发挥、由传统林业经营方式转变为科技化经营管理模式等建议。
英文摘要:
      The forest transition theory provides the possible ways for global forest rehabilitation, but the existing research pays more attention to forest quantity. The paper puts forward the forest multi-dimensional transition in a broad sense and focuses on the forest quality transition to measure the forest quality from the 4 aspects of forest growth forest vitality, tree species diversity, structure stability and health status. Then the paper establishes an analysis framework of drivers on forest transition, and makes the empirical study of the changes in forest quality in 10 provinces (autonomous region), i.e., Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian, Jiangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou and Yunnan. The results show that whether the forest resources change in the southern collective forest area meet the Environment Kuznets Curve (EKC) assumption needs to be further investigated, and its changes are driven by multiple factors; although there presents a trend of transition, it is not obvious. And therefore there is still a large space to achieve the increase both in the quantity and quality of forests. Based on this, it is proposed to turn the attention from mere pursuit of forest quantity to forest quality, from excessive pursuit of forest economic benefits to the multiple functions of forest, and from conventional forest management to innovative science-based forest management.
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