稿件编号:20200318
谢聪,徐晋涛.森林社会经济效益问题探讨[J].世界林业研究,2020,33(3):101~106
森林社会经济效益问题探讨
A Discussion on Forest Socioeconomic Benefit
投稿时间:2019-12-27  修订日期:2020-04-19
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2020.0041.y
中文关键词:  森林社会经济效益|社会效益|经济效益|生态效益|外部性
英文关键词:forest socioeconomic benefit|social benefit|economic benefit|ecological benefit|externality
基金项目:瑞典海外发展署项目“中国三北防护林(绿色万里长城)工程社会经济效益评估”(MS-255)。
作者单位E-mail
谢聪 北京林业大学经济管理学院, 北京 100083  
徐晋涛 北京大学国家发展研究院, 北京 100871 xujt@pku.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      有关森林效益问题的研究一直是林业经济研究的热点,特别是森林的经济效益和社会效益,其定义和内涵尚无统一定论,而与此密切相关的森林社会经济效益常被认为是森林经济效益和森林社会效益的相加。文中在分析已有文献中森林经济效益和森林社会效益定义与内涵的基础上,以森林外部性和森林对社会经济产生作用的直接性或间接性为依据,对森林的社会经济效益进行解释,并结合其与森林经济效益和森林社会效益的关系提出狭义的森林社会经济效益和广义的森林社会经济效益的概念。
英文摘要:
      Forest benefit has been a hotspot for the research on forest economics, especially the economic benefit and social benefit of forest, whose definition and connotation have failed to achieve the consensus, while forest socioeconomic benefit is frequently interpreted as a combine of both forest economic benefit and forest social benefit. By analyzing the definition and connotation of forest economic benefit and forest social benefit, this paper interprets forest socioeconomic benefit based on the externality of forest and the direct or indirect benefit of forests on society and economy, and present the both narrow-sense and generalized definition of forest socioeconomic benefits based on the relationship between forest socioeconomic benefits and social benefits and economic benefits of forest.
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