稿件编号:20120601
何友均,李智勇,张谱,范少辉.全球人工林环境管理策略研究[J].世界林业研究,2012,25(6):1~7
全球人工林环境管理策略研究
Environmental Management Strategies for Global Planted Forests
投稿时间:2012-11-17  
DOI:
中文关键词:  人工林  现状  生态环境功能  环境管理策略
英文关键词:planted forests  current state  ecological environment management  environment management strateg
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(31170593);林业公益性行业科研专项(200904005);引进国际先进林业科学技术项目(2012-4-69)
作者单位
何友均 中国林业科学研究院林业科技信息研究所, 北京 100091 
李智勇 中国林业科学研究院林业科技信息研究所, 北京 100091 
张谱 中国林业科学研究院林业科技信息研究所, 北京 100091 
范少辉 国际竹藤中心, 北京 100102 
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中文摘要:
      全球人工林为木材生产和缓解贫困做出了重要贡献,在减缓和适应气候变化中起到了非常重要的作用。文中在介绍全球人工林资源的基础上,分析了人工林对生物多样性、水分循环、养分循环和碳循环的影响和相互作用机制,提出了人工林环境管理策略,即建立人工林多功能经营制度、通过森林认证助推人工林可持续经营、充分利用REDD+机制提高人工林固碳效应的政策推动策略,加强生物多样性保护、降低人工林对水循环负面影响、提高人工林的养分循环、促进人工林生态系统碳循环的生态系统完整性策略,以及保育高保护价值区域策略和鼓励利益相关者参与人工林规划与管理策略。
英文摘要:
      The global planted forests have contributed to the timber production and poverty alleviation, and played very important roles in mitigating and adapting the climate change. Some ecological and environmental issues, such as degradation of forest land, loss of water and soil, occurrence of pests and disease, loss of biodiversity, fragmentation of landscape, have been caused by climate change and unreasonable planted forest management. In this sense, it becomes urgent to explore environment management strategies for planted forest under climate change. In this paper, global planted forest resources were introduced and the effects of planted forests on the biodiversity, water cycle, nutrient cycle, carbon cycle were analyzed. Then, some suggestions on environment management strategies for planted forest were proposed, including policy support strategy on multi-purpose management, sustainable planted forest management via forest certification and carbon sequestration through REDD+, the integrated ecological strategy on biodiversity conservation, reduction of the negative effects of planted forest on water cycle, increasing the nutrient and carbon cycle in the planted forest ecosystem, the regional strategy on the protection of high conservation value areas and stakeholders involvement strategy on planted forest planning and management.
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