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国际森林生态补偿实践及其效果评价

吴水荣 顾亚丽

吴水荣, 顾亚丽. 国际森林生态补偿实践及其效果评价[J]. 世界林业研究, 2009, 22(4): 11-16.
引用本文: 吴水荣, 顾亚丽. 国际森林生态补偿实践及其效果评价[J]. 世界林业研究, 2009, 22(4): 11-16.
Shuirong Wu, Yali Gu. Practice of International Forest Ecological Compensation and Effect Evaluation[J]. WORLD FORESTRY RESEARCH, 2009, 22(4): 11-16.
Citation: Shuirong Wu, Yali Gu. Practice of International Forest Ecological Compensation and Effect Evaluation[J]. WORLD FORESTRY RESEARCH, 2009, 22(4): 11-16.

国际森林生态补偿实践及其效果评价

基金项目: 

中国林业科学研究院院所基金项目 CAFINT2008C16

中国林业科学研究院院所基金项目 CAFYBB2008035-1

详细信息
    作者简介:

    吴水荣(1974-), 女, 湖北武汉人, 副研究员, 主要从事森林环境经济、林业经济与政策研究, E-mail:wu.shuirong@gmail.com

  • 中图分类号: F316.23, X826

Practice of International Forest Ecological Compensation and Effect Evaluation

  • 摘要: 近些年来, 森林生态系统服务及其补偿与市场化问题受到国际社会的广泛关注, 世界范围内出现了多种形式的森林生态补偿实践。对国际上森林生态补偿实践的主要模式进行了总结, 并对实践的效果进行评价。
  • 图  1  森林生态补偿的理伦基础[6]

    图  2  森林生态补偿机制所涉及的效率、有效性与公平目标之间的博弈[12]

  • [1] Millennium Ecosystem Assessment.Ecosystems and human well being:Scenarios[M].Washington, D.C.:Island Press, 2005:510-514.
    [2] Landell-Mills N, Porras T I.Silver bullet or fools' sgold?A global review of markets for forest environmental services and their impact on the poor[M].In strum ents for sustainable private sector forestry series.London:International Institute for Environment and Development, 2002:4.
    [3] EUROPA.Support for rural development by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD)2008[EB/OL].(2008-02-29) http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/agriculture/general_framework/l60032_en.htm.
    [4] Hamilton K, S jard in M, Shapiro A, et al. Fortifying the foundation: state of the voluntary carbon markets 2009[R].Washington, D.C.: New Carbon Finance and The Ecosystem Marketplace, 2009: 45-46.
    [5] 侯元兆, 吴水荣.森林生态服务价值评价与补偿研究综述[J].世界林业研究, 2005, 18(3):1-5. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-4241.2005.03.001
    [6] Engel S, Pagiola S, Wunder S.Designing payments for environmental services in theory and practice:an overview of the issues[J].Eco logical Economics, 2008, 65:663-674. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.03.011
    [7] Wunder S, Engel S, Pagiola S.Taking stock:a comparative analysis of payments for environmental services programs in develop ed and developing countries[J].Ecological Economics, 2008, 65:834-852. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.03.010
    [8] ScherrS J, BennettM T, LoughneyM, et al. Developing future ecosystem service payments in China: lessons Learned from International Experience[R].Washington, D.C: Forest Trends, 2006: 35.
    [9] Pagiola S.Payments for environmental services in Costa Rica[J].Ecological Economics, 2008, 65:713-725. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/OAPaper/oai_doaj-articles_ee57e78514825716a56ad58bf3b3837f
    [10] Wu Shuirong.Ethical dimensions of payment for forest environmental services[J].Chinese Forestry Science and Technology, 2007, 6(1):42-56. http://www.cqvip.com/Main/Detail.aspx?id=24244927
    [11] 任勇, 冯东方, 俞海, 等.中国生态补偿理论与政策框架设计[M].北京:中国环境科学出版社, 2008:49.
    [12] Mayrand K, M Paqu in.Payments for environmental services: a survey and assessment of current schemes[R].Report for the Commission for Environmental Cooperation of North America.Montrea: l Unisfera International Centre, 2004: 9.
    [13] Leslie A.Estimating the current and future dem and for forest products and services[J].Tropical Forest Update, 2005(1):14-16.
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2009-07-07
  • 刊出日期:  2009-08-01

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